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propagating perennials: Monarda-Bee Balm, Horsemint
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Thursday, July 3, 2008

Monarda-Bee Balm, Horsemint

Bee balm can be propagated by division, by lifting the plant out of the ground and discarding the older woody stems in the spring, which should be done every 3-4 years or by layering. Bee balm prefers full sun and a damp soil, but not chalky, however it will grow in partial shade but it will not bloom as profusely, however it will spread faster. The blooms range in color from red, pink, lavender, white, and purple and flower from mid summer until frost and although butterflies, hummingbirds, and honeybees like the pollen, deer generally dislike the plant and depending on the variety, bee balm can reach upwards of 4 feet in height and the leaves are used in potpourri and to make tea. Bee balm is deciduous.

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